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ScienceDaily: Matter & Energy News


New catalyst opens door to CO2 capture in conversion of coal to liquid fuels
Researchers quickly harvest 2-D materials, bringing them closer to commercialization
Disrupting crystalline order to restore superfluidity
Building a better battery layer by layer
A new way to create molecules for drug development
World's fastest camera freezes time at 10 trillion frames per second
Understanding the neurological code behind how flies fly
Breakthrough in self-healing materials
Disorder induces topological Anderson insulator
Optical illusion spooks raptors
Bioinspired camera could help self-driving cars see better
Simple fabrication of full-color perovskite LEDs
Near-infrared spectroscopy could improve flu vaccine manufacturing
Identifying an initial growth process of calcium phosphate


New catalyst opens door to CO2 capture in conversion of coal to liquid fuels



Posted: 12 Oct 2018 11:30 AM PDT


World energy consumption projections expect coal to stay one of the world's main energy sources in the coming decades, and a growing share of it will be used in CTL, the conversion of coal to liquid fuels. Researchers have developed iron-based catalysts that substantially reduce operating costs and open the door to capturing the large amounts of CO2 that are generated by CTL.


Researchers quickly harvest 2-D materials, bringing them closer to commercialization



Posted: 12 Oct 2018 10:53 AM PDT


Researchers have developed a technique to harvest 2-inch diameter wafers of 2-D material within just a few minutes. They can then be stacked together to form an electronic device within an hour.


Disrupting crystalline order to restore superfluidity



Posted: 12 Oct 2018 08:01 AM PDT


What if you could disrupt the crystalline order of quantum matter so that the superfluid could flow freely even at temperatures and pressures where it usually does not? This is indeed the idea that was demonstrated by a team of scientists led by Ludwig Mathey and Andreas Hemmerich from the University of Hamburg.


Building a better battery layer by layer



Posted: 12 Oct 2018 07:22 AM PDT


Scientists are now closer to a thin, high-capacity lithium-ion battery that could open the gates to better energy storage systems for electric vehicles.


A new way to create molecules for drug development



Posted: 12 Oct 2018 07:22 AM PDT


Chemists have developed a new and improved way to generate molecules that can enable the design of new types of synthetic drugs.


World's fastest camera freezes time at 10 trillion frames per second



Posted: 12 Oct 2018 06:30 AM PDT


Researchers have developed what they call T-CUP: the world's fastest camera, capable of capturing ten trillion frames per second. This new camera literally makes it possible to freeze time to see phenomena -- and even light! -- in extremely slow motion.


Understanding the neurological code behind how flies fly



Posted: 12 Oct 2018 05:27 AM PDT


Discoveries about the neurological processes by which flies stay steady in flight could help humans build more responsive drones or better-balanced robots.


Breakthrough in self-healing materials



Posted: 11 Oct 2018 11:31 AM PDT


Researchers have given self-healing qualities to polymers that are used in relatively inexpensive commodities, such as paints, plastics and coatings.


Disorder induces topological Anderson insulator



Posted: 11 Oct 2018 11:31 AM PDT


In experiments with ultracold atoms trapped and driven by lasers, researchers have created a new disorder-induced topological state previously predicted to occur in electronic materials.


Optical illusion spooks raptors



Posted: 11 Oct 2018 11:31 AM PDT


Researchers have designed a visual pattern that elicits long-term avoidance of high-risk areas by raptors. The scientists' work clears the way for further investigation into the visual cognition of these birds, and it has applications for conservation, because raptors are among the most common victims of collisions with planes and wind turbines.


Bioinspired camera could help self-driving cars see better



Posted: 11 Oct 2018 07:36 AM PDT


Inspired by the visual system of the mantis shrimp-researchers have created a new type of camera that could greatly improve the ability of cars to spot hazards in challenging imaging conditions.


Simple fabrication of full-color perovskite LEDs



Posted: 10 Oct 2018 07:56 AM PDT


An international team of researchers has introduced a simple technique to fabricate full-color perovskite LEDs.


Near-infrared spectroscopy could improve flu vaccine manufacturing



Posted: 10 Oct 2018 07:56 AM PDT


Recent research outlines how near-infrared spectroscopy could be used to make cell-culture-based flu vaccine manufacturing faster and more efficient.


Identifying an initial growth process of calcium phosphate



Posted: 10 Oct 2018 07:55 AM PDT


Korean researchers identified the initial growth process of calcium phosphate, a key component of bones, using 'TOP-MEIS (Time-of-Flight Medium Energy Ion Scattering)'. The research findings differ from existing theories and are expected to be used in research into controlling the growth and characteristics of nanoparticles.
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